5 reasons why your Windows 7 PC is running slow
Is your Windows 7 computer driving you insane with its slow speed? When you buy a new computer, it’s fast and works without any glitches. But over a period of time, the system speed may slow down due to various factors. With some simple to follow tips, you can keep your Windows 7-based PC in fine working condition and ensure efficient performance. Here are five reasons due to which your comp could be running slow. With knowledge about what’s slowing down your PC, you can take steps to make the most out of your system.
1. Malware infections
This is the most common cause due to which a computer does not function properly. Every day new malware such as viruses, Trojans, rootkits, worms, etc., are being detected. If you frequently work online and use shared files, your PC could be vulnerable to security threats. In case your Windows 7 computer has been infected by malware, the system files get corrupted which leads to errors and slow processing.
How to protect your PC from malware:
If you don’t have an antivirus, download and install the free antimalware tool – Microsoft Security Essentials – on your Windows 7 PC. The software offers real-time protection against malicious software and blocks security threats. You can perform a quick or comprehensive scan with Microsoft Security Essentials for the detection and removal of viruses.
2. Disk fragmentation
What disk fragmentation means is that the contents of a file or the changes that are made to a file are not stored in contiguous locations on the disk. This usually happens as more and more files are saved on the hard disk. The files are stored in fragments and the hard disk takes more time to access and open the files. This results in slow computer speed.
How to defragment your system’s hard disk:
Windows 7 has the Disk Defragmenter tool that can be used for the defragmentation of the hard disk. To use this tool in Windows 7, follow these steps:
- First of all, you need to click ‘Start’, open ‘All Programs’, and click ‘Accessories’.
- Click ‘System Tools’, and then click ‘Disk Defragmenter’.
- In the ‘Disk Defragmenter’ dialog box, select the drives that you want to defragment.
- Click the ‘Analyze disk’ button. After the disk analysis is done, it informs you whether the drive should be defragmented.
- Now click the ‘Defragment disk’ button.
3. Booting issues
If your Windows 7-based PC takes longer than usual to load the OS, there could be files or applications that start up unnecessarily as the system boots. Slow booting can also be caused by outdated drivers, corrupt system files/registry, driver conflicts, etc.
How to configure programs that load at start up:
You can set which programs should load while booting by using the Windows 7 System Configuration Utility. To open this tool, click the ‘Start’ button, then click ‘Control Panel’, followed by clicking ‘System and Maintenance’. Now open ‘Administrative Tools’ and then double-click ‘System Configuration’. In the dialog box that opens, uncheck the programs that you don’t want to load at start up. This can help in fixing slow booting problems with your PC.
4. Low memory or storage space
If your Windows 7 PC is low on memory, it will take longer to save and open files. To resolve this problem, you can add more memory or increase the available storage space. Junk files and programs that are no longer required should also be removed to ensure that more disk space is free to use.
How to use Disk Cleanup to free up disk space:
- Click the ‘Start’ button and then click ‘All Programs’. Now click ‘Accessories’, then click ‘System Tools’, and click the ‘Disk Cleanup’ option.
- In the ‘Disk Cleanup Options’ dialog box, select whether you want to clean up your own files only or all of the files on the system.
- Choose the hard disk drive that you want to clean up, and then click the ‘Ok’ button.
- Click the ‘Disk Cleanup’ tab, and then select the check boxes for the files you want to remove.
- After choosing the files, click ‘Ok’, and then click ‘Delete files’.
By performing these steps, you can remove the junk files from your PC.
5. Graphics intensive visual effects
Although Windows 7 supports visual effects such as the transparent glass look, these graphics use quite a lot of the system resources. This can slow down the computer’s speed while opening files or running applications. You can turn off these features if your computer’s hardware configuration is inadequate to run them without affecting the performance.
How to set Windows 7 visual effects:
- Click the ‘Start’ button and then click the ‘Control Panel’ option. Enter ‘Performance Information and Tools’ in the search box and then click ‘Performance Information and Tools’.
- Now click ‘Adjust visual effects’.
- Click the ‘Visual Effects’ option, click ‘Adjust for best performance’, and then click ‘OK’.